Climate change at the interface between marine and terrestrial ecosystems

David Klein
Emeritus Professor of Wildlife Ecology, David R. Klein, from the University of Alaska Fairbanks, USA, will be presenting a seminar about “Climate change influences at the interface between marine and terrestrial ecosystems: Nesting birds and two fox species” today at the Forestry Auditorium from the Instituto Superior de Agronomia, Lisbon, Portugal

Mangroves make a virtue of necessity

Elizabeth Robert
Elisabeth Robert from the Laboratory of Plant Biology and Nature Management, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium, will be presenting a seminar about “Mangroves make a virtue of necessity. The vascular factor in the ecological success of Avicennia trees for survival in the precarious conditions of the mangrove forest” on the 13th of March at the Forestry Auditorium from the Instituto Superior de Agronomia, Lisbon, Portugal

Plant community structure and function

Patricia Gonzalez Seminar

Patricia Rodríguez González from the Forest Research Center of the Instituto Superior de Agronomia, Portugal, will be presenting a seminar about “Understanding plant community structure and function: the importance of scale and time for the analysis of diversity” today at the Forestry Auditorium from the Instituto Superior de Agronomia, Lisbon, Portugal.

Forest management planning in Slovakia

Forest management Slovakia

Andrea Majlingova from Technical University Zvolen, Slovakia, will be speaking on a seminar about “Forest management planning in Slovakia with advanced decision support tools” on the 27th of October at the Forestry Auditorium from the Instituto Superior de Agronomia, Lisbon, Portugal.

Abstract of the Seminar provided by Andrea Majlingova  :

“Forests serve a multitude of purposes and address many different, often conflicting, goals to satisfy the needs of forest owners and users, forest industry, and society at large. This poses considerable challenges to forest managers. The need for enhanced forest decision support systems (DSSs) is evident in several EU documents related to the future role of European forests. Forest DSSs allow the forest managers to use the advanced decision support tools, such as expert and knowledge based systems, multi-criteria techniques as well as communication and visualization tools. The experience with developing and applying forest DSSs for forest management provides a solid foundation for technological innovation and collaboration between partner institutions. “

European Forest Sector Outlook Study II

European Forest Sector OutlookThe European Forest Sector Outlook Study II (EFSOS II), made by UNECE /FAO, identifies possible scenarios for the future of European forests. It addresses and discusses demanding challenges through scenario analysis. A reference scenario and four policy scenarios have been prepared modelling trends in the European forest sector up to 2030, to illustrate the possible long-term consequences of policy choices.

This Study covers the EU 27, Eastern and South-Eastern Europe, provides pictures of the consequences of today’s policy choices for the forest of tomorrow. “Policy makers do have choices to make. We trust this study will help them to make the best informed decision for the future of European forests”, said Paola Deda, Chief of the UNECE/FAO Forestry and Timber Section, in presenting this study.

The European Forest Sector Outlook Study II is available at the UNECE website where it can be downloaded.

Green Infrastructures for Biodiversity

Infrastructures biodiversity

The 4th edition of the Biodiversity Forum has the topic “The Infrastructures for Biodiversity”. It has the colaboration from Portuguese Association of Greenways (APCV) and the Portuguese Association of Natural Engineering (APENA). The venue will be held in the Estoril Congress Center between the 28th of September and the 1st October. This edition has the following objectives:

- To debate the importance of Greenways, as fundamental infrastructures for biodiversity, at local and regional landscape scales;
- To celebrate 2011 as the World Year of Forests as it was recommended at international level by the United Nations;
- To discuss the best ideas that can contribute to sustainability and to a better environment.

The Infrastructures for Biodiversity will be organized in following sessions:

  • Session 1 – Greenways and Forests
  • Session 2 – Greenways and Soft Mobility
  • Session 3 – Greenways and Rural Landscape
  • Session 4 – Greenways and Urban Environment
  • Session 5 – Greenways and Bioengineering

For more details about The Infrastructures for Biodiversity you are welcome to look at the programme.

Plantations in Tomorrow’s Forests

The United Nations General Assembly declared 2011 as the International Year of Forests to raise awareness on sustainable management, conservation and sustainable development of all types of forests. In Portugal several innitiaves have been hapenning such as the  International Conference, to be held on 19 September in Lisbon, on “Plantations in Tomorrow’s Forests”. This event will be bring individuals and speakers from around the world, aiming to promote sustainability of the forestry sector, the effective management of forest resources and the role of plantations. More details can be found in the Conference’s Programme.

Second World Cork Congress

The Second World Cork Congress will be happening on 30th of September in Lisbon, Portugal. For all of those interested in such important non-wood forest Product (NWFP) this Congress will be a must. It will be in organised in four sections:

  • Session 1: Forest, production and sustainability
  • Session 2: Cork Stoppers – a decade ofcontinuous evolution
  • Session 3: Cork – construction, architectural and design materials
  • Session 4: Cork stoppers – keeping up the momentum

Registrations to the 2nd Cork World Congress will be accepted until the 24th of Setember: Registration Form. More details about the programme are available: Programme

Bioclimatic limits on tree survival

tree survival

Dr Patrick Mitchell from CSIRO, Australia, will be delivering a seminar on “Defining past and future bioclimatic limits on tree survival during drought: a case study from southern Australia” on the 21th of September at the Forestry Auditorium from the Instituto Superior de Agronomia, Lisbon, Portugal.

Abstract of the Seminar provided by Dr Patrick Mitchell :

“Drought-induced tree mortality in natural ecosystems is thought to be increasing worldwide. Many tree species show a large degree of plasticity in their ability to cope with changes in water availability under variable climates.  Southern Australia exhibits inter-decadal shifts in rainfall and future climate scenarios in this region show significant increases in the frequency and areal extent of exceptionally hot and dry periods.  Few studies to date have related such predictions to the observed bioclimatic limits that determine tree survival.  In this presentation, the history of drought-induced mortality events across southern Australia is reviewed with the objective of defining the climatic drivers of mortality within the context of the underlying physiological mechanisms involved in tree death.  The observed climate patterns were assessed using standardised precipitation and evapotranspiration indices (SPEI) and heat stress values for several mortality sites across the region.  The majority of mortality events represented periods when both SPEI and heat stress were above their 95th percentile and were exceptional events in terms of either their intensity or duration.  The conditions needed to produce the observed mortality events fell well outside the normal operating ranges of these species and were exacerbated by acute heat stress in most cases.  I will present future drought scenarios and a sensitivity analysis of changes in temperature and rainfall in defining the drought type and its effect on plant functioning.  Results from drought physiology experiments will also be discussed in the context of the climate drivers of mortality and the physiological pathway of tree mortality for some commercially-important tree species worldwide.”

Climate change in New Zealand

Dr Dean Meason from Scion, New Zealand, will be giving a seminar on “Preparing for climate change in New Zealand; impacts on forests, opportunities for mitigation, and development of adaptation strategies” on the 14th of September at the Forestry Auditorium from the Instituto Superior de Agronomia, Lisbon, Portugal.

Abstract of the Seminar provided by Dr Dean Meason:

“New Zealand’s economy is reliant on exports from its agricultural and planted forest sectors. This makes New Zealand particularly vulnerable to the effects of climate change (CC). New Zealand is tackling the challenge of CC by assessing the potential impact on agriculture and forestry and is developing adaptation and mitigation strategies such as the implementation of an emissions trading scheme (ETS). Of greatest concern is the effect of increased frequency and intensity of storm events, but in the longer term increased impacts of drought, pests, weeds and fire are expected. Overall (in the absence of the aforementioned impacts) average forest productivity is expected to increase only slightly with increased temperature, though if CO2 fertilisation is factored in productivity increases could be significant.
Scion has developed an accurate, nation wide carbon accounting scheme to meet its Kyoto obligations. Scion has identified the potential to sequester significant amounts of carbon in new forests established on marginal agricultural land. Research on forest carbon dynamics, new forest species, assessment of biotic and abiotic risks, and silviculture underpins New Zealand’s ETS. This is one of the few operational ETS systems in the world where emissions can be offset by the establishment of new forests.
Research is moving from impacts and mitigation towards development of adaptation strategies though this is still very much in the early stage of development. A key focus is on research that integrates across the whole primary sector and spans biophysical, forest management and business aspects.”